What is a case study?

  • What is a case study? 


    A case study consists of a research method or a technique commonly used in healthcare and social sciences, which is characterized by the need for asearch and inquiry process, as well as a systematic analysis of one or more cases. 

    More precisely, in each case, we understand all those circumstances, situations or unique phenomena that require more information or that deserveany interest in the world of research. 

    Depending on the field of study in which it is conducted, case study can focus on a wide range of subjects or problems. In the field of psychology, this isusually related to the study of diseases, disorders or mental disorders by studying the people who suffer from them. 

    Unlike other types of empirical research, this methodology is considered as a methodology for qualitative research, since the development of this isaimed at an exhaustive study of the phenomenon. And not in the statistical analysis of existing data. 

    As a rule, a case study is carried out with the aim of developing a number of hypotheses or theories on a specific topic or topic, in order to conduct more expensive studies as a result of these theories and develop them with a much larger sample However, a case study can be carried out with onlyone person or object of study, as well as with several subjects that have certain characteristics. To do this, you need a person or persons who conduct a case study, they resort to methods such as monitoring or administering profiles or psychological tests. However, these procedures will vary depending on the discipline to which the investigation relates.

    Take a look through case analysis format outline and determine it. Use following steps to do it queit right: 

    Identify the problem.

    Think about the causes of the problem. Problems can range from a poor supply chain structure to an incorrect market positioning strategy.

    Sketch. This will help identify key points when writing a case study.

    Explore cause and effect relationships. Try to explain why the problem arose and what actions led to its occurrence.

    Identify possible solutions to the problem. Think about how you would solve this problem and what actions you will take to eliminate the influence of negative circumstances. 

     


    What characteristics distinguish this? 


    In 1994, teacher and researcher Gloria Perez Serrano developed a list of the main characteristics that define case studies. It: 


    They are private traders 
    This means that they cover only a specific reality or topic, which this composes them into very effective methods for analyzing unique and specific situations. 

     

    They are descriptive 

    At the end of the case study, we get an exhaustive and high-quality description of a specific situation or condition. 


    They are heuristic 
    A heuristic concept means finding or discovering something. In a case study, we can discover new aspects of a specific topic or confirm what we already know. 

     

    They are inductive 
    Based on inductive reasoning, we can develop hypotheses and find new relationships from one or more specific cases. 

    What are the goals? 
    Like any research methodology, case studies are guided by specific goals. It: 

    • Develop one or more hypotheses or theories through the study of a specific reality or situation. 
    • Confirm hypotheses or existing theories. 
    • Description and record of facts or circumstances of the case. 
    • Checking or comparing similar phenomena or situations.